Hare Clark System


The Hare Clark system of voting

Hare-Clark is a type of proportional representation system known as the single transferable vote method.


How ACT and Tasmanian votes are counted

Under the ACT’s Hare-Clarke voting system (see here for more detail) we elect five MLAs for each of the five electorates to the ACT Assembly. Candidates are elected if they achieve a certain proportion of the vote (called a quota). Candidates who reach the quota are elected and have the rest of their preferences distributed among the other candidates in the order each voter has put on the ballot paper. Candidates who don’t reach a quota are eliminated from the count after each round of counting starting with the person with the least votes at that stage. This continues until five MLAs are elected.


Tasmania also uses the Hare-Clarke system. For Tasmanian Electoral Commission information see here.


Resources available on the ACT Legislative Assembly website.

For schools and the public: The ACT Legislative Assembly education office resources.


The 10th ACT Legislative Assembly ACT labor – ACT Greens Parliamentary agreement on party commitment to represent the people of ACT in a transparent manner.

The 2013 Review into the size of the ACT Legislative Assembly.


Additional video resources

What electorate am I in?:ACT election boundaries

A set of educational video on ACT elections: voting in ACT legislative assembly election under ACT

Last Update: 25/04/2024
Elections, Electoral Systems, How Does The Australian Government Work, Representative
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2 responses to “Hare Clark System”

  1. The Hare Clark system is hardly used in the world. Four countries? Why not?

    Please have a look at this Facebook Page


    Contact me if you wan to talk about it: Klaas Woldring Ph. D. 02 4341 5170

    • Peter Tait says:

      g’day Klaas,
      good FB page. We seem to be on parallel journeys. I’m just about to go away for 4 weeks, so this site is going to go quiet for that time.
      The Canberra Alliance secretary email is a frequently checked comms channel.
      Peter Tait

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